Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
encompasses a wide range of traditional healing practises .i.e., Acupuncture, Moxibustion, Chinese herbal medicine, Tuina (Oriental massage), dietary therapy, Chinese Medical Diagnoses (which follows patterns of disharmony upon presentation of symptoms, by feeling the pulse, inspecting the tongue, skin, and eyes, and looking at the eating and sleeping habits of the person as well as many other things). Tai chi and qi gong, which are exercises that regulate the flow of chi through exercise. TCM dates back to the ancient philosophy of Taoism more than 2,500 years. TCM explains that the body’s vital energy (chi) circulates through channels, called meridians. These meridians are connected to bodily organs and functions. Traditional Chinese medicine has been documented in classics such as the Yellow Emperor’s Inner Canon as well as in ideas such as yin & yang and the five elements. TCM’s view of the body places little emphasis on anatomical structures, but is mainly concerned with the identification of functional entities (which regulate digestion, breathing, aging etc.). While health is perceived as harmonious interaction of these entities and the outside world, disease is interpreted as a disharmony between yin & yang.
The ancient beliefs on which TCM is based on are that the inner microcosm of the human body works synergistically with macrocosms of the surrounding universe. Harmony between yin & yang supports health, and disease results from an imbalance between these dual forces. The Five elements: fire, earth, metal, water, wood, symbolically represent all phenomena, including the stages of human life, and explain the functioning of the body and how it changes during disease by following the eight principals: hot/cold – full/empty – interior/exterior – yin/yang, while the chi or life-force flows through the meridian system of the body maintaining balance and sustaining health.